All About Eggplant
Many people find the taste of eggplant bitter, and some say that female eggplants are more bitter than the males. Eggplant is, in fact, a naturally bitter vegetable because the seeds are bitter. Female eggplants have more seeds than their male counterparts (makes sense, right?). I couldn’t find good pictures to help distinguish between the two, but it seems that the “bellybutton” on the bottom of a male eggplant is rounder and larger, and on a female, it is long and narrow.
Preparing: Conventional wisdom sometimes recommends salting (or “sweating”) the cut-up eggplant before cooking to reduce bitterness. While this step will result in a silkier texture, it does not actually change the flavor. The salt draws out water, not flavor, preventing it from absorbing as much oil if you fry it.
To “sweat” your eggplant, cut it up into the shapes you plan to cook (slices or cubes). Place the eggplant in a colander, and sprinkle with salt. Let the salted eggplant sit for about 30 minutes, then rinse and dry before continuing with your recipe.
The peel of the eggplant is edible, though on larger eggplants, you might prefer to peel the skin if it’s tough.
Storing: Eggplants don’t really like to be cold, being, technically, a tropical fruit. The ideal storage temperature is 50F, but that’s not easy to achieve in a typical home kitchen. The counter is too hot, and the refrigerator too cold. That said, an eggplant can be stored on the counter for a day or twoif you are planning to use it in that window of time. If not, store in a plastic bag in the crisper drawer of the refrigerator for up to a week. Eggplants don’t like to be bruised; they will go bad sooner in that condition, so if it doesn’t fit easily in the drawer, it’s better to store the eggplant on a shelf.
Cut raw eggplants don’t store well either, so you want to cook the whole vegetable.
Freezing: You can blanch and freeze eggplant to use later. Bring a pot of water to a boil, and prepare an ice-bath. Cut into slices or 1-inch chunks. Place eggplant into boiling water for 3 minutes. Remove with a slotted spoon and plunge into the ice bath to stop the cooking. Do this in batches as needed. Remove the cooled eggplant from the ice bath and dry off. You will want to separate eggplant slices from each other with wax paper or plastic wrap before placing in freezer bags. Chunks can just be frozen as is.
Featured Recipe: Eggplant Urbino
A recipe inspired by reading of Love in the Time of Cholera by Gabriel Garcia Marquez.
1 pound of eggplant
¼ cup extra virgin olive oil
1 tbsp fresh garlic cloves halved
½ tsp finely chopped jalapeno pepper (remove seeds and ribs)
1 tsp ground cumin
½ tsp ground coriander
Fresh ground black pepper
3 tbsp chopped parsley
Sea salt flakes
½ cup of crumbled cheese such as feta, ricotta salata or queso fresco (I prefer sheep ricotta salata or a creamy feta)
Poke eggplant 2-3 times with a knife. Roast eggplant either in medium hot grill with indirect heat method or in your oven at about 375oF for 40–60 minutes depending on the size and variety of eggplant that you have. The eggplant need to roast until the skin is papery looking and the flesh very soft. I like to use the long thin eggplant without seeds. Let the eggplant cool. Peel off papery skin. Tear or slice roasted eggplant flesh into long strips, about ¼-½ inch wide.
Save about 2 tbsp of the olive oil for later. Pour remaining oil in to a large skillet. Drop in garlic. Heat to medium heat on stovetop, or outside heat source, and cook for about 1 minute. Add eggplant strips. Let the eggplant fry. After about 5 minutes when the flesh starts to be a bit crunchy and brown, flip strips with a spatula and sprinkle chopped jalapeno on top. Let eggplant cook on the other side until brown and crunchy bits start to form. You may need to vigorously scrape the skillet with spatula or adjust heat if things get too crunchy and start to smell more burnt than aromatic. This will depend on the skillet and heat source… The goal is to get the eggplant soft and caramelized without burning it. Remove from heat.
Sprinkle cumin, coriander, salt and pepper to taste and fold spices in while scrapping bottom of pan. Transfer cooked eggplant to a serving dish, sprinkle parsley and cheese on top. Drizzle reserved olive oil on top and sprinkle a few salt flakes here and there. Enjoy!
by Gabriel Garcia Marquez
Tina Jaillet is a Lexington resident and LexFarm founding member. She has boundless interests yet sharing foods with loved ones is a daily pursuit. Tina volunteers for the LexFarm educational committee.
More Ideas for Eggplant
- Roasted eggplant can be the base for several different dips or spreads.
- Baba ganoush with the sesame undertones from tahini is well-known.
- Also try a Mediterranean version of “Eggplant Caviar.”
- If you’re in the mood for sweet and sour, try caponata.
- Roasted eggplant pâté from Café Flora blends the eggplant with walnuts and pesto.
Eggplant Parmesan And Variations
- Start with the traditional eggplant parmesan. With the proportions given in this preparation, you can really taste the eggplant – it’s not just a vehicle for tomato sauce and cheese (though these flavors come through too).
- Fill ciabatta rolls with eggplant for fried eggplant sandwiches.
- For a lower calorie version, roast the eggplant instead of frying it and skip the cheese by making Eggplant Un-Parmesan.
- From Boston-area bakery Flour, this soup is a liquid-version of Eggplant Parmesan in a bowl. It also freezes well.
Beyond eggplant parmesan, cooking up eggplant provides a ticket to cuisines around the world.
- CSA Shareholder Melanie Blower highly recommends this Afghan Eggplant Casserole with Yogurt Sauce.
- Stir-fry Szechwan style or with a spicy garlic sauce for a Chinese dinner.
- From France, make ratatouille from your eggplant, tomatoes and zucchini, such as this ratatouille tian. You can arrange leftovers in a pre-baked pastry shell, sprinkle with crumbled goat cheese, and heat in the oven for a delicious savory tart.
- Moussaka is a Greek staple. You could try a classic version with meat or a vegetarian version or a vegan one.
- Want a taste of India? Baingan Bharta will satisfy.
- Make an Italian eggplant sauce for pasta: with tomatoes and chili pepper or with capers and olives.
- Nasu dengaku (miso-glazed eggplant) will transport you to Japan.
- Pasta alla Norma is a Sicilian pasta dish made with tomatoes, eggplant, grated ricotta salata cheese, and basil. You can make it the classic way with the firm ricotta salata. Other versions use fresh ricotta cheese: just a whisper or more.
- Here’s an entire collection of eggplant recipes from Turkey.
- Top soba noodles with eggplant and mango or eggplant and tofu.
- Try an eggplant curry, perhaps with spinach. Or this lemongrass one where, this time of year, you could substitute green peppers for the Brussels sprouts.
- Add tomatoes, peppers, and chickpeas for a hearty eggplant stew.
- Eggplant along with an assortment of cheeses and fresh herbs can top a pizza.
- Fill enchiladas with eggplant and almonds.
- Broil eggplant slices with a miso-garlic glaze or drizzle with a miso-ginger sauce.
- Grill chicken and eggplant together with a Vietnamese-inspired glaze.
- For more ideas for grilled eggplant, check out 12 styles of grilled eggplant from Mark Bittman.
- Let eggplant be the star of a salad with Asian ginger dressing or Green Goddess dressing or pine nuts and capers or cucumbers.
- Add cubes of roasted eggplant to a kale salad with black rice and lentils.
- Marinate eggplant slices with diced peppers or capers and mint.